The Duchess

Character: Bess Foster
Created by: Amanda Foreman (book)
Directed by: Saul Dibb
Written by: Jeffrey Hatcher, Anders Thomas Jensen, Saul Dibb (screenplay)
Produced by: Carolyn Marks Blackwood, Amanda Foreman, François Ivernel, Christine Langan, Cameron McCracken (among others)
Other cast: Ralph Fiennes, Keira Knightley, Charlotte Rampling, Dominic Cooper
Release date: 5 September 2008 (UK)
Genre: Biography, Drama, History
Running time: 1h 50min

A chronicle of the life of 18th century aristocrat Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, who was reviled for her extravagant political and personal life.

Synopsis (Warning: contains spoilers!)

The movie explores the marriage, relationships, and passions of 18th century aristocrat Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire. 17-year-old Georgiana (Keira Knightley) is delighted to have excited the notice of the much older Duke of Devonshire (Ralph Fiennes), and marries him amid high personal and family expectations. Unfortunately for Georgiana, the Duke is an undemonstrative and tight-lipped man who is far more interested in his dogs than in getting to know his new wife. He does nothing to alleviate her wedding night fears, and does his husbandly duty with few words and a noticable lack of tenderness. He makes it clear at the outset to both Georgiana and her mother, Lady Spencer (Charlotte Rampling), that it is Georgiana’s duty to bear him a male heir in short order.

Georgiana becomes the center of a glittering social circle, attended not only by the British noble elite but also by the political figures of the time. She uses her beauty, wit, charm, and social connections to advance the Whig party — especially the policies and ambitions of a young nobleman, Charles Grey (Dominic Cooper), with whom she socialized, and to whom she was attracted, before her marriage. She indulges her love of parties and gambling, to the apparent delight of her peers, who joke that Georgiana is adored by all of England, except her husband.

Shortly after Georgiana marries the Duke, he has a young girl brought to live with him and Georgiana. Initially shocked by his admission that the child is his illegitimate daughter, Georgiana soon takes on the role of the child’s mother. In the meantime, Georgiana gives birth to two daughters, but fails to provide the Duke with the expected male heir. The Duke continues to have affairs with other women.

While “taking the cure” at Bath in the hopes of being able to conceive a boy, Georgiana befriends Bess Foster (Hayley Atwell), whose husband, Georgiana is appalled to learn, beats and even tortures Bess. Because Bess has left the marital home, the husband refuses to allow her to see their three young boys. At Georgiana’s suggestion, the Duke invites Bess to live with the Duke and Duchess in Devonshire. Some time later, Georgiana discovers that the Duke and Bess have begun sleeping together. When Georgiana confronts Bess, Bess begs Georgiana to understand that she is in the affair only in order to have the Duke pressure her husband to release her sons to her. When Georgiana demands that the Duke remove Bess from the house, he refuses. Bess remains in the house, and her sons come to live with them. While Georgiana adores her children and is obviously a devoted and loving mother, she chaffs at the presence of the Duke’s lover and her sons. She explores her attraction to Charles Grey, and finds that the attraction is mutual. She brings the situation to a head by proposing a “deal” to the Duke: she will not object to his continuing to have Bess live with them, if he will not object to her engaging in an affair with Grey. The Duke, not surprisingly, rejects the proposal, pointing out that he does not make “deals,” and that all of the power in the situation belongs to him. He upbraids Georgiana for failing in the two things that he demands of her: bearing him a male heir, and remaining loyal to him. She is outraged by his attitude and refusal to break off his affair, and flees from him. He chases her down and rapes her.

After the rape, Georgiana appears at her social gatherings in a fog — alcohol induced? — until it is learned that she is pregnant. She delivers a boy. Having done her “duty,” Georgiana goes to Bath, where she finally consummates her passion for Grey. They live blissfully in Bath until the Duke arrives unexpectedly. He accuses of her of being indiscreet and demands that she drop Grey and return with him to Devonshire. He warns her that, if she does not, both she and Grey will be cut off entirely from their wealth and positions in society, Grey will lose his political position, and she will never see her children again. After the Duke leaves, Georgiana races back to Devonshire, realizing that she cannot live without her children.

Bess and her children are still at Devonshire. Georgiana informs Bess and the Duke that she is pregnant with Grey’s child. At the Duke’s command, she moves to the countryside to await the birth. She delivers another girl, Eliza, and immediately is forced to give the baby up to Grey’s family. Heartbroken, she returns to Devonshire, where she continues her social circle, but with none of the vivacity and verve for which she was known before. She remains at Devonshire with the Duke and Bess and their children, until her death. After her death, the viewer is told, the Duke marries Bess.

Photos

Trivia
  • In the background of the location used for Georgiana and Charles Grey’s first kiss is the building used in Pride & Prejudice (2005) (also starring Keira Knightley) for Mr. Darcy’s first proposal.
  • The film was heavily marketed with links to Princess Diana (who is a direct descendant of Georgiana’s family, The Spencers), using her image in the trailers, and with a tagline (“There were three people in her marriage”) which is a play upon a quote attributed to the late Royal. Keira Knightley came out and denied the film had any links at all, stating that her character was interesting enough without any comparisons.
  • Costume designer Michael O’Connor based the blue “Fox uniform” ensemble worn by Keira Knightley in the whig political rally scene on portraits and political cartoons of Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, that were made in the late 18th century.
  • Hayley Atwell and Dominic Cooper also star in Captain America (2011) and Agent Carter (2015)
  • Paramount Vantage bought the film for $7 million (US dollars) before production even began.
Quotes

Speechmaker: When she arrives, all eyes are upon her. When absent, she is the subject of universal conversation. And what we see her wearing tonight, I look forward to seeing the rest of you wearing tomorrow!

Bess Foster: [watching children] Up and down, up and down. Why can’t we recover like that?
Georgiana, The Duchess of Devonshire: It’s too far to fall now.

Charles Grey: You don’t have to please others all the time.
Georgiana, The Duchess of Devonshire: It’s what I’ve been brought up to do. Difficult lesson to unlearn.

Charles Grey: [taking in the large crowd arounf Georgina] Is it always like this?
Bess Foster: Well, as they say, the Duke of Devonshire must be the only man in England not in love with his wife.

Promotion

Hayley promoted ‘The Duchess’ during the 3rd Rome International Film Festival in the Fall of 2008. She attended, on October 25, the movie’s photocall, followed by its premiere on October 28.

Official Trailer

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